Bijar Rugs

The antique Persian carpets of the town of Bijar and surrounding villages in the Northeast of the country are justly famous for their wearability and long life. Along with Kermans, they are the only Persian weaves consistently triple wilted. The strongly compressed central weft gives a stiff, almost board-like character to the carpets. The pile wool is extremely dense and compacted in the weaving process. Kurdish flocks supply an excellent, elastic pile yarn. The dyes are natural with a particularly well dyed dark blue from indigo. The resulting fabric never wears out. The functional life of a Good Bijar carpet may be 200 years or even longer. Traditional patterns are allover: The Mustafi of tightly curled arabesques. The Garrus split arabesques, the classic Herati and Harshang. There are medallion and corner on plain fields as well. There are no pictorial or figural carpets. But the weavers insert animals or human forms in the corners of medallion carpets. The only western influence seems to carry on the lion and trellis rugs, adapted from a Spanish silk textile. Bijar production extends to the local small towns and villages. Where runners, long rugs and scatters in more rustic and informal designs are made. Here are found antique hand woven- rugs in the Minakhani Herati and un named named floral designs. These rugs show the same structure but are somewhat lighter in handle. The Halvahi Bijar is a particularly fine and thin carpet, quite flexible, Almost exclusively in scatter sizes. These rugs are particularly prized in Iran and only rarely come to the rug market. They are always in good condition, made from the finest wool and excellently dyed.

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